Archives de catégorie : 1. Adaptation/Vulnérabilité

Cette catégorie regroupe les informations générales sur les question d’adaptation et de vulnéribilité

Adaptation Futures 2016: call for abstracts and sessions. Grants also available. (10 -13 May 2016 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands)

Adaptation Futures is the biennial conference of the Global Programme of Research on Climate Change Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation (PROVIA).
Adaptation Futures 2016 highlights adaptation practices and solutions for people, governments and businesses. The programme will address all sectors and all parts of the world.

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Migrants et réfugiés climatiques : changement de cap pour le Groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat ?

“Le premier volet du 5e rapport du Groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat (GIEC) qui vient d’être rendu public n’a pas réservé de grande surprise. 3 rapports consécutifs sur 15 ans le disent sur différents tons, le thermomètre de la planète grimpe et cela aura des impacts dans de nombreuses zones du globe. Si une réduction drastique est un objectif à poursuivre, on sait déjà que les populations et sociétés devront s’adapter par divers moyens. Il est sûrement le temps d’examiner attentivement les actions à entreprendre et prendre un virage dans la recherche et l’intervention. Si nous connaissons bien les impacts, sommes dans la possibilité de modéliser le climat de manière fine nous sommes assez dépourvu devant des phénomènes sociaux importants comme les migrants et les réfugiés environnementaux”

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Small scale farmers’ vulnerability to climatic changes in southern Benin: the importance of farmers’ perceptions of existing institutions

Farmers in rural Africa use a number of adaptive strategies to cope with observed climatic changes and their impacts on agriculture. Most studies on adaptive capacity focus on socio-economic parameters (such as poverty or education), and few provide detailed analysis on the role played by different institutions at local level, and the effects of how these institutions are perceived on farmers’ adaptation. Semi-structured interviews were conducted among 46 households from seven villages in southern Benin (West Africa), and among representatives of several institutions at the local level. Half the participants were involved in Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) development projects and half were independent farmers. Results indicate that independent farmers mostly use non-agricultural coping strategies (loans, work in town) while project farmers mainly use agricultural adaptive strategies (improved seed varieties). Lack of adaptive capacity of independent farmers is linked to weak State institutions at the local level. Due to their lack of efficiency and high corruption rates, local State representatives are mistrusted. NGOs are trusted and seek for help, even by independent farmers. Even if NGOs do not have climate change adaptation in their agendas, they promote activities, which help reduce farmers’ vulnerability. Although our results are limited to south-western Benin, they question the way adaptation is promoted today, for instance through the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (through the National Adaptation Programmes of Action).

Mekong River Commission: Review of climate change adaptation methods and tools

Climate change is an unavoidable challenge that society will have to deal with over coming
decades. For developing countries, the task is particularly daunting. The process of adapting
to new conditions, stresses and natural hazards that result from climate change will require
additional interventions. Although most communities have some ability to respond to
changes and extreme climatic events, the expected impacts of climate change will exceed
this capacity almost in all cases. For this reason, it will be necessary to explicitly plan how
to adjust to climate change. Adaptation planning begins with an assessment of current and
future impacts and vulnerability to climate change. Such assessments are in themselves
full of uncertainty, relying on good data that often may not be available. The steps between
baseline analysis through to identifying possible adaptation actions are complex, and
consequently, approaches to support the planning process have been developed. This report
reviews many of the methods and tools that are available for planning adaptation

Using Small-Scale Adaptation Actions to Address the Food Crisis in the Horn of Africa: Going beyond Food Aid and Cash Transfers

The countries Kenya, Uganda, Somalia, Ethiopia and Djibouti are facing the worst food crisis of the 21st century as a result of devastating droughts. The crisis is causing starvation and leading to a lack of access to clean water and sanitation for over 12 million people. Not only are the direct drought effects endured now by the population, but they have weakened response capacity and created diminished prospects of ever achieving future water and food security.

Technologies for Climate Change Adaptation: Agricultural Sector (UNEP)

This guidebook presents a selection of technologies for climate change adaptation in the agriculture sector. A set of 22 adaptation technologies are showcased. These are based primarily on the principles of agroecology, but also include scientific technologies of climate and biological sciences complemented by important sociological and institutional capacity building processes that are required for climate change to function.

The Governance of Adaptation: An international symposium

In March 2012 a two day conference will be held in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, on “The governance of adaptation”. Topics to be discussed include: the framing of adaptation problems and goals, modes of governance and available instruments, agency and leadership in adaptation governance, science-policy interaction and adaptation. You are invited to submit an abstract of no more than 250 words on relevant issues before the 15th of October 2011. The purpose of the meeting is twofold: 1) to establish a network of researchers who are analyzing the efforts of both public and private actors to prepare for climate change, 2) to exchange insights on adaptation governance across the world and draw lessons in a coordinated way. We seek to bring together around 50 scholars, who will be selected after a review of abstract to be submitted to governanceofadaptation@ivm.vu.nl.

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